Publishers of the dictionary the Collins Dictionary have announced the shortlist “Word of the Year 2018” and the word winner. Word of 2018 was the “single-use”, which translated into Russian language means “disposable”. In the article they write: “Our lexicographers control 4.5 billion words in the Collins Corpus and create the annual list of new and noteworthy words, which reflect a constantly evolving culture and the concerns of those who use it”.
This year environmental issues have risen on 1-e a place with such words as “single-use” and “plogging”, accompanied by political movements, dance trends and technologies. View origin 5 words from the short list and examine how they rose to 1st place in news, politics, business and society in the past year.
Single-use selected as #CollinsWOTY 2018 as disposable covers global movement to eliminate our dependence on disposable items. With plastic bags, bottles, cups, diapers, we have become more aware of how our habits and behavior may affect the environment. Records showed 4-fold increase in the use of this word in 2013, with news and movies like “Blue planet II” bi-Bi-si that increases public awareness of this environmental problem.
Next word in the short list – floss (floss) has gained a whole new meaning in the modern era. In 2018, the thread took on the meaning of dance in which people twist your hips in one direction, waving his arms in the opposite direction, closing the fists. Upon closer inspection, these dances look rather like pulling a piece of dental floss back and forth between your feet.
VAR reached public vision in 2018 after they were recorded in the Laws of the game by the International Football Association Board (IFAB) after testing in a number of major competitions, and they were used for the first time during the FIFA world Cup this year.
The Gammon (ham) is traditionally known as ham. How this word evolved to describe red-faced angry man? Gammon created a buzz on Twitter in 2018, as an antidote to ‘snowflake’ (“snowflakes”), which appeared in our list of 2016 along with Brexit. But you may be surprised to learn that it was first used by Charles Dickens in 1838 in Nicholas Nickleby “to describe a big, smug, middle-aged man who largely profess extreme patriotism to hide his essential selfishness and corruption”.
Plogging is another Scandinavian word, which found its way to a short list of #CollinsWOTY. In 2016, the success was hygge. The word addresses the growing concern about humanity’s impact on the environment. Plogging means a daily waste collection in the local beautiful places while Jogging and was first noticed in 2016, and this trend has now become global.