Who reads more?

At the fair Non/Fiction has compared children and teenagers read in Russia and Italy

The meeting began with the fact that the Italian Centre for books and reading has told about programs of development of reading in Italian schools. The main task of the Center is the distribution of literature and the pupils ‘ acquaintance with foreign authors, and setting up relationships with book in children from an early age, particularly through reading aloud. This area in Italy pay surprisingly much attention: in the framework of the initiative “Let’s live together” across the country in schools is about three thousand readings aloud.

“Our objective is to encourage you to read not only children but also adults, said the authors of the Centre. It’s not easy, as the Italians historically are not a reading people. It is much easier to raise children in the right direction to reading became for them an everyday necessity.”

Accustomed to reading — the task of not only families but also the state, said the speakers. But in Italy, the funding allocated to the promotion of reading is very low, said the speakers.

Despite this, Italy is a lot of actions aimed at promoting the habit of reading. For example, there is a prize for local authorities who organize activities to promote reading, and the cities compete for the title of the reading. According to the speakers, only such methods can be used to ensure that libraries were not only museums, but also a place for meeting, exchange views and receive vivid impressions.

Photo: Ekaterina Zaitseva

As noted by the speaker of Titian Mary, the problem promote reading in schools lies in the fact that there is no need specialists — so-called teachers of reading. However, the program “Invitation to reading” trying to partially solve this problem. Her goal is to teach children how to read, critically interpreting a text. The program is created based on the experience gained in the field of reading in other countries, as well as provides tips for parents on accustoming children to the book house. Together with the TV channel “Paradise” the Center has made a series of programs in the framework of this program. According to Tiziana, you can find them on the Internet, typing in the search for the original name of the program: “Invito alla Lettura”.

The Deputy head of Rospechat Vladimir Grigoriev, having listened to our Italian colleagues, have noticed that it is strange to hear about a little reading of the Italian children. “My generation grew up on the books of Gianni Rodari, and I’m surprised your words,” he said. Vladimir Grigoriev noted that, according to the test PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), assess the literacy of adolescent students in different countries of the world, Russia occupies the fourth position in a dozen countries. “Therefore, in our country programs to promote reading focused primarily on children ages 10 years”, -he stressed and added that just ten children in Russia is the prevailing reading competence than teenagers. Vladimir Grigoriev also spoke about programmes for the promotion of reading in Russia: the contest “Live classics”, “the Most reading region”.

“What to do to get children to read? Probably, this is a big challenge for all of us, especially for those associated with the book. Reading is a passion, which, with constancy and diligence becomes a habit that accompanies us all life,” concluded the speakers.