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Today, November 8, in the history of

In this day were born:

1847 — Bram Stoker (pictured), author of the novel “Dracula”.

Born in Dublin in the family of a petty official. In childhood was a sickly child, could not walk to seven years. But then got better and started to play sports, fond of football and athletics.

After finishing his studies in Trinity College, comes to public service. The first literary steps of making the newspaper The Evening Mail, writes a theatre critic.

His first book, Stoker publishes in 1876 and called it the “Duties of petty clerk in Ireland”. In the same year friendships of the writer with the famous actor Henry Irving, who Stoker invites you to move to London. Bram accepts the invitation and for many years, becoming Manager of the actor.

Life in London allows the Stoker to communicate with famous writers, among them the Arthur Conan Doyle.

In 1889 Stoker began writing the novel “Dracula”, which, being published eight years later, brought the author world fame. In addition to his Bram Stoker wrote novels “the Snake Pass”, “Personal Reminiscences of Henry Irving”, “Treasure of the Seven Stars”, “lair of the White Worm” and others.

Bram Stoker died in 1912 in London.

1900 — Margaret Mitchell Munnerlyn, American writer, author of the novel “gone with the wind”.

Born in the American city of Atlanta, the family lawyer.

In childhood the girl has made an indelible impression stories of relatives– veterans of the Civil war. Margaret studied at the Seminary of them. John. Washington during this period was fond of literature and wrote for the school theater play.

Since 1918 began to work at a prestigious women’s College Smith. But the following year was forced to interrupt his studies and return home to care for her father – died from influenza her mother.

From 1922 Margaret takes the nickname “Peggy” and becomes a reporter in the newspaper “Atlanta Journal” wrote on historical themes. Three years later, due to a leg injury she throws the craft of journalism. In 1926, ten years starts working on the novel “gone with the wind”.

Margaret originally wanted to call the book “Tomorrow is another day”. But instead of names he caught a line from a poem by Ernest Dawson “gone with the wind”.

The manuscript, brought it to a publisher, consisted of thousands of printed pages. The book was published in 1936, and the following year received the Pulitzer prize. In 1938, on the screens out the film “gone with the wind” with Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable in the lead roles. The film brought Vivien Leigh for the role of Scarlett O’hara’s worldwide fame and an Oscar.

Gone with the wind – the only book coming from the pen of the writer. Margaret Mitchell died in a car accident on 16 August 1949.

1953 — Anatoly Petrovich Maruschak, journalist, poet, writer.

1955 — Jeffrey Ford, American writer, writing in the genres of science fiction, fantasy, mystery.

Born in the city of West Islip (eng. West Islip), long island (new York). After graduating from school and passing the exam to receive a Regents scholarship, Jeffrey was admitted to a local community College, but after studying one semester, Ford dropped out of College after failing all the exams.

After this he worked in various machine shops, stores and warehouses, been engaged in the production of shellfish (Great South Bay). Accumulating for a few years, enough money, Ford returned to the same community College and studied there for two years, he worked nights as a longshoreman. After College, he enrolled at new York University, where he attended courses of lectures on literary art of John Gardner. John Gardner has even published some early stories by Jeffrey Ford in his journal “MSS”.

In 1979, Ford married Lynn Gallagher (eng. Lynn Gallagher), and in 1981 received a master’s degree. After that, the young family moved to South Philadelphia. Jeffrey worked as an assistant instructor at several Philadelphia colleges and four year worked on his doctoral thesis in literature in Telscom University.

In 1988 they had their first son Jackson. By the time Ford had passed all the examinations required for the degree, and even produced a rough draft of the thesis, which received the approval of his supervisor. But with the advent of the family of the newborn the issue of the need for constant paid work is particularly acute, and Ford was forced to leave work on the dissertation and received a permanent job at the community College of Brookdale where Ford taught creative writing and lectured on early American literature.

In the early 90-ies of the Ford, a second son, Derek, after which they moved to South Jersey, first in Collingswood, and then on the Medford Lakes.

First novel, “Vanitas”, was released in 1988 in the new York publishing house “Space & Time Press”. However, due to the lack of free time (just a second son was born), the second novel, Jeffrey Ford’s “the Physiognomy” (The Physiognomy, 1997) came only after almost ten years after the first. This novel was the beginning of a fantasy trilogy “Well-Built City” (or “Cley”), which complements appeared after the novels of “Memorandums” (1999) and “outland” (2001).

In 2002, Ford goes historical (“new York”) Thriller with a mystical-fantasy motifs “Portrait of Mrs. Charbok”, and in the summer of 2005 the sixth published novel of the writer — “The Girl in The Glass”.

From Jeffrey Ford also published two collections — “The Fantasy Writer’s Assistant & Other Stories” (2002), and released in March 2006, the second book of his short fiction — “The Empire of Ice Cream”.

Also works on Ford joined the many other anthologies and collections edited by Ellen Datlow, Terry Windling, Robert Silverberg, al Sarrantonio, David G. Hartwell, Jeff vandermeer state. Many of the stories were published in various journals, including “The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction”, “Sci Fiction”, “Event Horizon”, “Black Gate”, “Space & Time” and other publications.

On this day died:

1674 — John Milton, English poet, author of the poem “Paradise Lost.”

Born December 9, 1608 in London. At first, John was educated at home, then at St. Paul’s and Cambridge. After graduation, Milton travels to Italy and France, where he met with many prominent people. During this period he wrote his first poem “Fun”, “Thoughtful”, “Lycidas”, “Komus”.

In 1639, the poet returns to London, writes a treatise “On education”, which is based on helping Milton in the education of the nephews. In 1641, the poet married, but the marriage is a failure. It is well characterized by the work of Milton’s “On divorce”.

In the end, the poet becomes a widower, married a second time. But neither wife nor children are not burning a passion for him.

The best thing Milton creates in his later years, left completely alone. Among them biblical stories: “Paradise Lost”, “Returned to Paradise”, “Samson the wrestler”.

Milton also wrote political pamphlets, defended freedom of speech in “Areopagitica”, illustrated the English revolution – “the reformation”. In the post of government Secretary, Milton argued with the political and religious opposition.

Dead poet 8 November 1674.

1953 — Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel prize winner for literature 1933 (“Sukhodol”, “Cursed days”, “the Life of Arseniev”, “Mitin love”).

Born on October 22, 1870 in Voronezh. He spent his childhood in the family estate. m. From 1881 to 1885 the years of Ivan Bunin studied at the Yelets uyezd school, and four years later published his first poems.

In 1889, Bunin works as a proofreader of the newspaper “Orlovsky Gazette”, where he met Varvara Pashchenko. Parents not happy about their relationship – lovers Varvara and Ivan in 1892 forced to go to Poltava. In 1895, after a long correspondence Bunin met with Chekhov.

Creations of this period are the collection of “Poems”, “Under open sky”, “falling leaves.”

In the 1890-ies of the Bunin traveled on the steamer “Seagull” on the Dnieper river and visited the grave of Taras Shevchenko, whose work is loved and subsequently translated much. A few years later he would write about this journey the essay “”the Seagull”, which will be published in a children’s illustrated magazine “Shoots” November 1, 1898.

In 1899 Bunin married the daughter of a Greek revolutionary Anna Tsakni, but the marriage did not work out. After a while they parted, and since 1906 Bunin lives in a civil marriage with Faith Muromzevo.

Three Bunin was awarded the Pushkin prize. In 1909 he was elected an academician in the category of belles-lettres, becoming the youngest academician of the Russian Academy.

In February 1920 Bunin left Russia and emigrated to France. In emigration Bunin creates his best works: “Mitya’s love”, “sunstroke”, “the Case of cornet Elagin” and finally, “the Life of Arseniev”. These works were a new word in Bunin’s oeuvre and of Russian literature as a whole.

In 1933 Bunin became the first Russian writer and Nobel prize winner.

Died Ivan Bunin in a dream, in the night of November 8, 1953 in Paris. He was buried at a cemetery in France Sainte-geneviève-des-Bois.