In this day were born:
1886 – mark Aleksandrovich Aldanov (photo) (mind. 25.02.1957), Russian novelist, journalist, author of essays on historical themes, the philosopher and chemist.
1891 – Dmitry Andreyevich Furmanov (mind. 15.03.1926), Russian prose writer and political activist.
The most famous of the literary heritage of Furmanov was a novel (“Chapaev”). In 1934 the material in this book Directors Vasilyev brothers put the same film won in the USSR huge popularity.
1909 – Antonina Dmitrievna Kopteva (mind. 12.11.1991), Russian Soviet writer. Winner of the Stalin prize of the third degree (1950).
Since 1926 worked as an office clerk in the mines of Aldan. In 1932 went with husband Carl Yanovich SATA to Kolyma, where he was exiled (he was Deputy head of production Bureau of Dalstroy,was subsequently shot).
The first novel was published in 1935. From 1939 he studied at the literary Institute (with a break during the war when I was working in the hospital), graduating in 1947. In 1958-1990 he was a member of the Board of JV RSFSR, 1971, a joint venture of the USSR. Was the wife of writer F. Panferova. She lived in Moscow.
Most famous work is the trilogy about the life of a neurosurgeon. More than ten years working on a novel about the events of the Civil war “On the Ural river” (1971-1986), which remained unfinished.
1913 – albert Camus /Albert Camus/ (mind. 04.01.1960), French writer and philosopher, representative of existentialism, received a common noun in the life of “the Conscience of the West.” The winner of the Nobel prize for literature in 1957.
Albert Camus was born on 7 November 1913 in Algeria, on the farm “Sant Pol” near the town of mondovì. In Algeria after the end of primary school Camus studied at the Lyceum, teaching in which he was forced to suspend for a year in 1930 due to tuberculosis opened.
In 1937 Camus graduating from the University, defending a thesis in philosophy on “Christian metaphysics and Neoplatonism”. Camus wanted to continue in academic work, but for health reasons he was denied postgraduate training, for the same reason later, he was drafted into the army.
Without the work of editor, Camus moved with his wife to Oran, where they earn a living by giving private lessons, and in the beginning of the war moved to Paris.
In may 1940, Camus finished the work on the novel “the Stranger”. In December, Camus, not wanting to live in an occupied country, returned to Oran, where he teaches French at a private school. In February 1941 and finished, “the Myth of Sisyphus”.
In 1943, met with Sartre, participates in the performances of his plays (in particular, it was Camus first uttered from the stage the phrase “Hell is other people”).
Since 1954, the writer begins to put the pieces in their dramatizations, talks about the opening in Paris of Experimental theater. In 1956, Camus writes the novel “the Fall”, the next year he published a collection of short stories “Exile and the Kingdom.”
In 1957 Camus received the Nobel prize for literature. In a speech on the occasion of the award ceremony he said “too tightly chained to the galley of its time, not to pull together with other, even believing that the galley smells of the herring that it too many supervisors and that, among other things, taken the wrong course.” In the last years of his life Camus virtually nothing was written.
4 January 1960 albert Camus died in a car accident, coming back from Provence to Paris.
On this day died:
2000 – Boris Vladimirovich Zakhoder (R. 09.09.1918), Russian Soviet poet, children’s writer, translator and promoter of world children’s classics.
Perhaps best known for Boris Zakhoder in the USSR brought his translations, or rather, the retelling of classic works of foreign children’s literature. In his account, many Russian-speaking readers acquainted with such books as “Winnie-the-Pooh and all-all-all” A. Milne, “Mary Poppins” by P. Travers, of “Peter pan” J. Barry, “Alice’s adventures in Wonderland” by L. Carroll, and K. Capek fairy tales, poems by J. Tuwim and J. Brzechwa.
Less well-known translations of Goethe, whom Boris Zakhoder was doing all my life after the end of the Literary Institute (1947). Since 1965, the translation was partially published in the periodical press of the USSR, and was included in various editions of the works of Goethe. However, in a more complete form, under the author’s title “Variations on a theme of Goethe’s” translation saw the light in 2008, after the death of the writer, in the first volume, “Unpublished heritage” prepared by Galina Krutova and the widow of the writer Galina Zakhoder.
The events of the day:
1909 – the first issue of the monthly literary magazine “Apollo”, edited by Sergei Konstantinovich Makovsky. The journal have collaborated with I. F. Annenskii, viach. I. Ivanov, A. L. Volynsky, A. N. Benoit, M. A. Kuzmin, M. A. Voloshin. On its pages were printed in subsequent Blok, Briusov, Gumilev and many others. After 1917, the magazine ceased to exist.
1973 – on the Central television premiere of the film “How the steel was tempered” with Vladimir Concinnum in the role of Pavel Korchagin.