In this day were born:
1771 – Johann Alois Senefelder /Johann Alois Senefelder/ (photo) (mind. 26.02.1834), German printer, inventor of lithography.
The son of a famous actor, he played several years on the Munich stage, but then quit and opened a printing house; after he managed to invent lithography, he devoted himself entirely to this case, and thus procured itself privileges in different European cities.
After numerous failures, he founded a printing house for printing of notes in Vienna, but then threw the case and appealed to setcapacity. In 1809 he was invited to Munich for the process of lithography at the Royal Commission of mapping, has received a lifetime salary, the title of Royal inspector of lithography, and the resolution to own a lithograph. In 1826, he invented mosaic lithography, in 1833, he managed to carry a stone to the canvas of an image drawn with oil paints.
1852 – Dmitry narkisovich Mamin-Sibiryak (mind. 15.11.1912), Russian novelist and playwright.
Literature entered a series of travel essays “From the Urals to Moscow” (1881-1882), published in Moscow newspaper “Russian Gazette”. Then, in the magazine “Business” published his essays “on the stones”, short stories (“At the turn of Asia”, “lean souls,” and others). Many were signed by the pseudonym “D. Sibiryak”.
The first major work of the writer was the novel “Privalov millions” (1883), which for years was published in the magazine “Delo” and was a great success. In 1884 in the journal Otechestvennye Zapiski was the novel “Mountain nest”, which recognized Mamin-Sibiryak reputation as an outstanding writer and a realist.
Long trips to the capital have strengthened literary connections Mamin-Sibiryaka. He became acquainted with V. G. Korolenko, N. N. Zlatovratski, V. A. Galtsevym and others. During these years he wrote and published many short stories and essays.
The last major writer’s works — the novel “Traits from the life Pepke” (1894), “Falling stars” (1899) and the story “Mumma” (1907).
In his novels and stories the writer portrayed the life of the Urals and Siberia in the reform years, the capitalization of Russia and the associated breaking of social consciousness, of norms of law and morality.
1862 – James Duff brown /James Duff Brown (d. 25.02.1914), English bibliotekoved, the initiator of the introduction of open access to the funds, the founder and first editor of the journal Library World (“the Library world”).
1880 – Robert Musil /Robert Musil/ (mind. 15.04.1942), an Austrian writer, playwright and essayist.
The author of cycles of short stories “Connection,” “Three women”, prose collection “a Lifetime legacy,” the drama “the Dreamers” and the comic drama “Vinzenz and the girlfriend of the significant men”, two novels “the Emotional turmoil of the pupil of Teresa”, as well as numerous essays, speeches, theatrical and literary-critical articles.
Robert Musil best known as author’s unfinished novel “the Man without qualities”. Immediately after the appearance in the early 1930-ies of the novel did not attract much attention, but a new edition, made in 1950-ies Adolf Friz and including all the fragments of the novel, led to his rediscovery. In the context of German literature of the twentieth century, Musil often put on a par with Hermann Broch, Thomas Mann, Elias Canetti and note that his style is at once individual and epochal. In modern Austrian literature, the works of Musil influenced a whole generation of writers, including Gerhard Amanshauser, Rudolf Bayr, Thomas Bernhard, Alois Brandstetter, Andreas Onopenko, Michael Sarang, Franz Shue and Julian Cutting.
1921 – James Jones (d. 09.05.1977), American writer.
From 1939 to 1944 he served in the U.S. army. Some time his part was stationed near Scofield-Barracks (Hawaii), where the action unfolds his first major novel, “Now and forever”. In this long, extended affair with great force revealed the state of the army before pearl Harbor as seen from the rookie. The novel won the National book award for 1952.
Next novel Jones, “some came running” paints the life of a company, intellectual non-conformists in a College town in the Midwest. In the story “the Gun” Jones describes the psychological trauma experienced by the hero after the theft of army gun. “Thin red line” – description Guadalcanalese operations during the Second world war.
It should be noted as “go to noseless”, “Touch of danger” and “Vietnam diary”. His last novel “whistle” was published posthumously in 1978.
On this day died:
1941 – Maurice LeBlanc /Maurice-Marie-Émile Leblanc/ (R. 11.12.1864), French writer.
In his detective stories, novels and plays about Arsene Lupin, whom he between 1907 and 1937 he published more than twenty, created the image of a gentleman-burglar (the view of some critics, that the sample be served Raffles E. W. Hornung, is groundless). Among other things, Lupin was the rival of Sherlock Holmes, to the annoyance of Arthur Conan Doyle.
Besides detective novels and short stories, wrote two science fiction novel, also had success.
2000 – Lyon Sprague de camp /de Camp Lyon Sprague/ (27.11.1907 R.), American science fiction writer, one of the pioneers of the fantasy genre.
Among the most famous works de Kamp — a humorous fantasy about a magician Harold Shea, written in collaboration with Fletcher Pratt. Lion also, along with Lin Carter — one of the initiators megaantoshka continue the Saga of Conan, author of several books about this character, finished the drafts of Robert E. Howard.
The events of the day:
1315 – the City authorities of Florence sentenced Dante to death, as he ignored all their attempts to make the poet to return from exile.
1455 year – the inventor of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg in the court selected its typography. The printing house was furnished them the means of a prosperous burgher of Mainz, Johann Fust, who did not want to wait for the result of creative research of Gutenberg, demanded return of borrowed funds, and finally himself became the owner of the printing house. Previously, it was believed that after the decision of the court Gutenberg no longer engaged in publishing activities, but research shows that continued to operate in subsequent years.
1929 – the first issue of the newspaper “business and art”, then called “Soviet culture”, and now – just “Culture”.