Today Russia celebrates the Day of the letter “E”. Read more: here.
In this day were born:
1802 – Wilhelm Hauff (pictured), a German writer and storyteller, author of “Little Flour”.
Born in Stuttgart, in the family of the Secretary of the Ministry of foreign Affairs. After his father’s death the family moved to his maternal grandparents. And here’s a little William read books from the library of his grandfather.
After graduating from convent school, the future writer entered the University of tübingen. In 1824, becoming a doctor of philosophy and theology.
First job Hauff — tutor in the family of the Minister of defence of Ernst von Eugene Hegel. Looking after the children of Baron, Hauff traveled extensively throughout Germany, France.
Your fairy tales he makes up for these children. In 1826 they were first published in “the Anthology of fairy tales for the sons and daughters of the noble classes.” Included in his tales of the “Little muck”, “the Caliph Stork” immediately gain immense popularity.
In addition to fairy tales Hauff also wrote the stories “Othello”, “a Beggar with Pon de Arts”, mystical novels “the Pages of the memoirs of Satan” and “Man from the moon”. Historical work of Hauff’s “Lichtenstein” written under the influence of sir Walter Scott, becomes one of the best novels of the 19th century. Poems Hauff become German folk songs.
The writer died on 18 Nov 1827 from fever.
1843 Gertrude Jekyll, the famous British designer, writer and artist.
Born in London in the family of captain Edward Dicillo. Five years after this event, the Jekyll family left London and settled in Surrey, where Gertrude grew up.
In London Jekyll returned when she was eighteen. Here she began to take painting lessons. But after a few years her name was known to many — the work of Gertrude was very popular and brought substantial income.
In 1876 his father passed away Gertrude, and she had alone to take care of mother. By the time she started quickly to deteriorate eyesight and the doctors strongly advised against drawing and embroidery. Two years later she and her mother moved to Surrey. Here Gertrude gets a house and land. It was there that Gertrude for the first time created a splendid garden, on the improvement of which she worked for many years.
Jekyll soon began to work in a popular magazine “the Garden” and often received orders for creating unique design projects. Her extraordinary thinking, great skill, taste and creative talent have created many masterpieces. A little later, Gertrude began working with architect Edwin Lutyens, which subsequently — for more than two decades worked together.
In 1899, Gertrude was given the post of chief editor of “Garden”. More time has been writing books. Each Jekyll collections became later the leadership in landscape design.
1875 — Alexander, Zhirkevich, Russian writer, collector, public figure.
1905 – Gavriil Nikolayevich troyepolsky, Russian Soviet writer, the author of the novel “White BIM Black ear”.
Born in the village Novospasivka Tambov province in the family priest. As a child in the school did not go, but he gave a good education.
In 1924 he graduated from the agricultural College he worked as a rural teacher, 1931 — an agronomist. Profession left its mark on literary works Troepolskogo. He is one of the best writers on the themes of nature and agriculture.
Troepolskogo literary debut took place in 1937, first in magazines. For example, in 1953 the magazine “New world” published his stories “From the notes of an agronomist,” which a year later published as a collection of “Prokhor the seventeenth and others”.
In the same period, the writer creates the story “Candidate of Sciences”, the novel “black earth”, “In the reeds”. However, the most famous work Troepolskogo is the story of Bima dog “White BIM black ear”, which was published in 1971 and became very popular, the author received the State prize of the USSR. Based on the novel was filmed by Vyacheslav Tikhonov in the title role.
Died Gabriel troepolsky in 1995 in Voronezh.
On this day died:
1813 — Giambattista Bodoni (b. 1740), an Italian publisher, typographer, artist, type designer and engraver.
1861 — Nikolay Aleksandrovich Dobrolyubov, Russian literary critic.
Born February 5, 1836 in Nizhny Novgorod, in the family priest. When Nicholas was 8 years old, his primary education started a seminarian, a student of the philosophy class M. A. Kostrov, who was trying to pay attention to the development of cognitive abilities of the student.
In 11 years, Nicholas went to the senior class spiritual school, and a year later he joined the Seminary. Teachers were surprised by their depth essays Dobrolyubov, the theme of which was the Russian Church history, and various philosophical subjects.
In 1853 he entered the St. Petersburg Main pedagogical Institute and graduated in 1857. While training Bowker was head of the political students ‘ club, and in 1855 produced the illegal newspaper “Rumours”.
DOB met with Nikolay Nekrasov and Nikolai Chernyshevsky in 1856 and became one of the authors of the Nekrasovsky “Contemporary”. In 1860, he went abroad for treatment developed tuberculosis, but the treatment brought no effect.
In June 1861 DOB returned to Petersburg, and on November 29 died. He is buried in St. Petersburg at the Literatorskie Mostki of the Volkov cemetery.
DOB left behind a great literary legacy – the satires, poems, essay on various topics (historical, philosophical, literary), a poetic parody.
1868 — Mkrtich Peshiktashlyan (b. 1828), Armenian poet, playwright, actor, Director and social activist.
1875 — Ivan Alekseevich Kuratov (b. 1839), founder of Komi literature, Komi poet.
1937 — Yeghishe Charents (real name Soghomonyan), Armenian poet, was arrested.
1982 — Yuri Pavlovich Kazakov (born 1927), writer.
1989 — Nathan Y. Adelman , historian, writer.
He was born 18 APR 1930 in Moscow. In 1952 he graduated from the historical faculty of the Moscow State University and for six years taught history at night school. Then moved to the position of senior researcher in Museum of the city of Istra, Moscow region.
The post history teacher he was forced to leave his indirect relationship to the University a mug of liberal historians. Being associated with some of the participants of this group, after his arrest last Adelman left Moscow.
In 1965 Nathan Adelman became the candidate of historical Sciences, a dissertation theme “the Secret correspondents of the North star”. Social movement in Russia in the XVIII-XIX centuries, especially the Decembrist movement, was the main subject of interest of the historian. His books are written, exciting, rich literary language and are of interest to a wide audience of readers, not just professional historians.
He wrote books about the Decembrists Sergey Muravyov-Apostol (“Apostle Sergei”), Michael Lunino (“Bearium”), the brothers Bestuzhevykh, as well as Alexander Radishchev, Alexander Pushkin, Ivan puscino, Alexander Herzen, Nikolay Karamzin (“the Last chronicler”). Very popular are his books on the history of Russia in XVIII and XIX centuries.
The historian died 29 November 1989.
2001 — Victor Petrovich Astafyev, writer (“King of fish”, “Sad detective”).
Born may 1, 1924 in the village of Ovsyanka near Krasnoyarsk Yenisei province. In his childhood he has experienced multiple tragedies: his father was imprisoned on false charges for sabotage, and the mother in one of his trips to jail in the river, drowned. Father, coming out of prison, married a second time.
Because of the difficult circumstances Victor was on the street, then got to the orphanage. In 1942, after studying at Novosibirsk school of infantry, a volunteer went to the front. Already in 1943. gets into the army and serves as the first driver, then an artillery scout, then a signalman. In Poland in 1944, he was wounded and the end of the war met in the Urals, in the town of Chusovoy, where he married Maria S. Koryakin. The family had three children.
Working as a mechanic, laborer, teacher, person on duty on station, a storekeeper, he already had begun to write, and in 1951 in the newspaper “Chusovskoy Rabochiy” published his story “a Civilian”. And then in the same newspaper, he worked as a journalist and wrote reports, articles and stories. In 1953 he published his book “Until next spring”.
In 1958 Astafyev was admitted to the Union of Soviet writers. In the years 1959-1961 he studied at the Higher literary courses in Moscow. From 1989 to 1991. served as the people’s Deputy of the USSR.
Two major themes in the works of Victor Astafiev – war and village. Gained fame for his novel: “Starodub”, “the Last bow”, “King-fish”, “Sad detective” and the novel “Cursed and killed”. Astafiev’s books have been translated into many languages of the world. He was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, he is a laureate of the State prize of the USSR, the Triumph prize, the State prize of Russia, the Pushkin prize of the Alfred Toepfer Foundation, Germany.
Writer, died 29 November 2001 in Krasnoyarsk, was buried in his native village.
The events of the day:
1783 – the Russian alphabet, introduced the letter E.