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Today, November 22 in history

In this day were born:

1734 — Nicolas Retif de La Bretonne (mind. 1806), French writer.

1801 — Vladimir Ivanovich Dahl (pictured), a doctor, a writer, ethnographer, lexicographer, Creator of “Explanatory dictionary of the live great Russian language”.

Born in the village of Lugansk in the family of Dane-linguist. After graduating from the Naval cadet corps in St. Petersburg, Vladimir Dal was sent to serve in the Navy.

Then went to University to med school intending to become an army doctor. Participated in the war against the poles, then was a resident in St. Petersburg military hospital land.

At the same time Dahl collected information of ethnographic nature. Striking up a friendship with Pushkin, Zhukovsky, Krylov, Gogol, Linguistic, Odoyevski also decided to try hand at literature. His first book, “Russian fairy tales. The first” written in 1832. But the book was banned, and the Dal long after that could not be published under your name.

He was one of those who was to end next to Pushkin after the duel, tried to save the poet, kept a journal of the history of the disease.

The most ambitious brainchild of dal are “Explanatory dictionary of the living great Russian language” and “Proverbs of the Russian people”, which was published in 1861. He was the author of many articles on medicine and a number of natural history and ethnographic works, wrote books on botany and Zoology.

Died Vladimir Dal 4 Oct 1872 in Moscow.

1869 — andré Paul Guillaume Gide (d. 1951), French writer. The winner of the Nobel prize for literature (1947).

1877 — Endre ady,Hungarian poet, publicist and public figure

1888 — Victor A. Savin (Victor Neblina)(mind. 1943, died in the Gulag), Komi poet and playwright.

1928 — Nikolai Dobronravov, lyricist (“home, boys, your hearts”, “the Coward does not play hockey”, “Hope”, “we were young”).

Was born in Leningrad. In the beginning of the war the boy was evacuated to Gorky, but soon left in the Moscow suburb of Malakhovka and there he graduated from high school with a gold medal.

After school he continued to study at two Moscow Universities: the school-Studio of. Nemirovich-Danchenko at the Moscow art theatre and the Moscow pedagogical Institute.

After graduation in the late 1950s, first appeared on stage at the Moscow theatre of the young spectator. At the same time Nikolai Dobronravov tries himself in the literary field. His first play “Lights lighthouse” was written in 1960 in collaboration with his colleague at Mtsu Sergei Grebennikov. Here she was given a few years and was a great success.

In addition, the co-authors write Christmas stories for the Kremlin Christmas tree, audio for all-Union radio, and plays for puppet theater, novels for children and even a libretto for an Opera “Ivan Shadrin”.

Literary success inspires Dobronravova, he completely switched to this sphere and leaves the theater. In 1970 he became a member of the Union of writers. For 20 years he has released several collections of poems about the war, the theater, the world values.

But most known of Dobronravov as a songwriter, the most popular of them, for example, “Tenderness” was created by the poet in the creative Union with his wife – composer Alexandra Pakhmutova.

His poems set to music by, composers such as L. Afanasiev, A. Babajanyan, S. Katz, E. Kolmanovsky, K., Sheets, E. Martynov, M. Tariverdiev. Sang songs on poems Dobronravova, L. Zykina, M. Magomaev, I. Kobzon, M. Kristalinskaya, L. Leshchenko, E. Peha, “Pesniary”, “Samotsvety” and other.

For contribution to the culture of the country Nikolay Dobronravov in 1982 was awarded the State prize of the USSR.

1934 — Anatoly Cross, poet, songwriter (“heart aches”).

1962 — Victor Olegovich Pelevin, writer.

Born in the town of Dolgoprudny. After school he entered the Moscow energy Institute at the faculty of electrical and automation of industry and transport.

In the framework of the thesis developed the electric drive of the trolleybus with asynchronous motor. But candidate has not defended. Studied in absentia in the Literary Institute, but was expelled.

But the creative process is not prevented. He was preparing in the journal “Science and religion” article on the topic of Eastern mysticism, edited translations of Carlos Castaneda in the publishing house “Myth”.

In 1989, publishes in “Science and religion” his first work of fiction – fairy tale “the Sorcerer Ignat and people”. There was first published and famous stories “the hermit and six-fingered”, “Reconstructor”, excerpts from “OMON RA” and “Life of insects”.

The first book of Pelevin’s “the Blue lantern” was published in 1991 and combines all the earlier works of the author. Two years later, this collection was marked by a Small Booker prize.

Among the stories that brought the author world popularity worth mentioning “Chapaev and emptiness”, “Generation P”.

In our days Pelevin is on the wave of success, included in the list of 1000 most significant modern figures of culture according to the magazine French Magazine. On the works of Pelevin’s performances in theatres of Moscow, London and Paris. His books have been translated into many languages. In late 2009, the results of the poll was voted the most influential intellectual of Russia.

On this day died:

1878 — Pyotr Andreevich Vyazemsky, Russian poet and literary critic.

Born July 23, 1792 in Moscow. In 1805-1806, he studied at the St. Petersburg Jesuit boarding school, then boarding school at the St. Petersburg pedagogical Institute. Young Peter was the only heir to his father’s large fortune.

In 1808 the works of Viazemsky first appeared in print – it was a poetic “Epistle to Zhukovsky in the village” and 2 critical articles: “Trifles” and “Two words of a stranger”. In addition, young Peter wrote quite a good satirical epigrams.

During the Patriotic war of 1812 Vyazemsky served in the army and even participated in the battle of Borodino.

Half-sister Vyazemsky– Catherine Kolyvanov was the second wife of N. M. Karamzin. Because of this, Vyazemsky was familiar with many Moscow writers, friends of Karamzin, such as V. Zhukovsky, V. L. Pushkin, D. Davydov, Konstantin Batyushkov, which largely influenced his work. In 1815 they established a literary society “Arzamas”.

In the years 1819-1821 Pyotr Vyazemsky served in Warsaw. There he participated in the first meeting of the Sejm, as well as in the drafting of a Constitution for Russia, which was led by N. N. Novosiltsev. Vyazemsky was convinced of the need for Russia enlightened monarchies and European social institutions.

For his liberal views Vyazemsky was dismissed from service. By this time he was already known as a lyric poet. His Elegy “the First snow” (1819) and “Distress”(1819) was highly appreciated by A. S. Pushkin. In 1828 Vyazemskiy has created one of his best satirical works of the “Russian God”, which was published in 1854 in London by Herzen.

In 1830, the poet re-entered the service. He subsequently rose to high ranks and occupied a high position at the court of Alexander II. In the last years of his life Vyazemsky worked on the preparing to print his collected works, which was published after the poet’s death.

Pyotr Vyazemsky died in Baden-Baden on 22 November 1878.

1901 — Ghevond Alishan (b. 1820), Armenian poet, philologist and historian, member of the Catholic congregation of the mekhitarists, who wrote Patriotic poems in a new language — ashkharabar.

1916 — Jack London (at birth received the name of John Cheney), American writer.

Born January 12, 1876 in San Francisco. When he was 8 months old, his mother remarried, and John was John Griffith London.

Family of London was poor, while still a schoolboy, he was forced to work selling Newspapers. After graduating from high school in 1889 and worked in a cannery, a prospector in Alaska, catching oysters, he went to sea on a fishing vessel. For 23 years he was several times arrested for vagrancy.

Deciding that the easiest way to earn money is writing, he begins to publish short stories in the magazine, the main source of inspiration which was his own experience of sea voyages and stay in Alaska.

In 1900 was published the first collection of stories “wolf’s Son” and then London released 2-3 books every year for 17 years: compilations of “the God of his fathers,” “Faith in man”, “Moon face”, the novel “Daughter of snows”, the story “call of the wild”. Only London has written more than 200 short stories and over 20 novels and novellas, as well as a number of essays and essays. The most famous works of London were the novels “the Sea wolf”, “Martin Eden”, “Little lady of the big house,” “hearts of three”.

London became famous after the release of the first of his books, his books were very popular in different countries of the world, including in the USSR, based on his works delivered more than 10 movies.

Jack London was married twice, had two daughters.

22 Nov 1916 the writer died in Glen Allene (California) from an overdose of sleeping pills.

1963 — Aldous Huxley (Aldous Leonard Huxley), English writer.

Was born on 26 July 1894 in Godalming, Surrey (UK) in a very educated family. The young man studied in Ballylickey College, Oxford. Already in his student years he decides to become a writer. His first novel, Huxley wrote at the age of 17 years.

In 1937, Huxley moved to Los Angeles, where he meets jiddu Krishnamurti. Under the influence of the spiritual master he became interested in the teachings of wisdom and deals with mysticism. His philosophical thoughts were reflected in his subsequent works – “many years” and “Time must stop”.

In 1938 Huxley was writing a dystopia about the loss of human values, “O brave new world!”, which is becoming very popular, especially among young people. After 20 years, the writer continues the theme of the degradation of society in his book “Return to brave new world”. In addition, Huxley touched on in his works, the pacifist themes.

The writer was known as a bold experimenter: in 1953, he participated in the experiment, Humphrey Osmond, the purpose of which was to study the effects of mescaline on the human mind. That was the first time the concept of “psychedelic”.

Famous essay “the Doors of perception” and “Heaven and hell” describing the progress and results of this experiment, affecting the work of many intellectuals of the 1960-ies.

The last novel of the writer was “Island”. Soon Huxley gets cancer of the throat.

Aldous Huxley died 22 November 1963 in Los Angeles, CA (USA).

1963 — Clive Staples Lewis (C(live) S(taples) Lewis), Irish writer.

1980 — Mae West (Mae West) (b. 1892), American actress, writer, singer (“I’m no angel”, “Heat of the flesh can’t stop”).

1988 — Erich fried (Erich Fried) (born 1921), Austrian poet, essayist, novelist.

The events of the day:

1621 — the Rector of the Cathedral of St. Paul designated the outstanding English poet John Donne.

PS And even today Russia celebrates the Day of the psychologist. So congratulations to all psychologists and yourself in particular, with their professional holiday 🙂

And Serserkov-and if I’m not mistaken, is also to be congratulated. Or am I mistaken? 🙂