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Today, November 2 in history

In this day were born:

1808 — Jules amédée Barbey d Aurevilly, French writer.

1835 — Dmitri Minaev (pictured), poet and satirist, parodist, satirist, translator.

Born in the family of an officer, Dmitry Minaev, the poet, the interpreter of “the Word about Igor’s regiment”. In 1847-1851 he was educated in the Noble regiment (the course is not finished). In 1852, passed the first class rank and about three years in simbirskie Gubernskie the exchequer. In 1855 he moved to St. Petersburg, where he held an official of the Ministry of internal Affairs.

In 1857 he resigned and engaged in literary work. At the beginning Minaev is printed in the secondary Petersburg magazines and Newspapers, speaking with lyric, and then and satirical poems and translations. In 1859 he published a collection of literary parodies “Rehash. Poems revealing of the poet”. Collaborated in the democratic journals, including “contemporary”, “Russian word”, “Spark”, where he developed a talent Minaeva as a poet-satirist.

In 1862, a few months edited the satirical journal Gudok. Adjacent to Nekrasovskaya school, in his poems has held left-wing radical-democratic position, expressed sympathy for the oppressed village, “exposed” (as applied to poets-satirists of his circle “accusation” and “denunciatory literature” began in the criticism of the time almost terminology) liberals, bureaucrats, conservative print and censorship; ridiculed and parodied poets-supporters of “pure art” (A. A. FET, A. N. Maikov, N. F. Shcherbina, V. V. Krestovsky and others). Gained fame as the “king of rhyme”, the master of epigrams, parodies, satires in verse and especially the pun.

In his literary activity Minaev did a lot of translation work. He translated John. Byron (“don Juan”, “Childe Harold”, “Beppo”, “Manfred” and “Cain”), Dante (the divine Comedy), Heine (Germany), A. Mickiewicz (“Dziady”(Pol.)dir.), P. B. Shelley (“Freed Prometheus”), the poems and plays of Hugo, Barbier, Vigny, Moliere, Syrokomlya, Juvenal and many others. Merit D. D. Minaev is the acquaintance of the Russian reading public with the works of European literature.

After karakutovska shot at the end of April 1866, Minaev was arrested for collaborating in magazines, “is known for its harmful socialist direction, especially the “contemporary” and “Russian word””, and stayed in the fortress for about four months.

At the end of 1887, D. D. Minaev his wife come to Simbirsk, where the lower Soldier street, near the Sviyaga, buying a house with outbuildings and garden. Died in Simbirsk, after a long illness.

1862 — Maironis (Jonas mačiulis), Lithuanian poet.

1876 — Francis Jourdain, French writer, art critic.

1890 — Mya Helga Maria Martinson (Moa), Swedish writer.

1899 — Charles Edgar du Perron, Dutch author.

1902 — Gyula Yes, Hungarian poet.

1906 — Daniil Leonidovich Andreev, poet, writer, philosopher, Creator of the religious-philosophical doctrine of the “rose of the World”.

Was born November 2, 1906. He spent his childhood in Moscow, in the family Dobrovich, relatives of his mother, who died shortly after his birth. In the 1920-ies, during the Soviet era, he studied at the Higher Literary Courses.

In 1942 was mobilized for health reasons was nestroeny ordinary. He served in the 196th infantry division, in the funeral team, then a medic in the field hospital. After the war he worked in Moscow.

April 21, 1947 was arrested by the KGB on charges of anti-Soviet agitation, anti-Soviet creating of the group and of plotting to assassinate Stalin. As the main “evidence” was made by art novel “the night Strangers”, burned at the Lubyanka at the end of the investigation.

Due to the short-term abolition of the death penalty in the year of arrest and investigation, was sentenced to the penalty – 25 years in prison. In prison he wrote “the Iron mystery”, drafts of “Russian gods” and “rose of the World”.

In 1954, as a result of the retrial, the sentence was reduced to 10 years. In April 1957 Daniil Andreev was released, being already seriously ill due to in prison of a heart attack.

Died 30 Mar 1959 in Moscow, leaving amazing and has no analogues in Russian and world culture heritage – religious-philosophical and meta-historical treatise “the rose of the World”, and a number of poems, most of which has already been by other means, portrays and reveals the same range of ideas and concepts.

1923 — Ivan Georgievich Lazutin, Russian writer, playwright.

1965 – Irina Bogushevskaya, composer, poet and performer of his songs.

Was born in Moscow. Began singing in early childhood and school together with the staff of the glee club toured Russia. But when the family was forced to move to Hungary, musical education Irina interrupted. At age 14 she developed a deep interest in Russian literature, her idols became Akhmatova and Tsvetaeva.

Irina Bogushevskaya received a liberal education, with honors graduated from the philosophical faculty of Moscow state University. While studying at the University, Irina played in Student theater under the guidance of Eugene Slavutina. One of the most famous musicals of the team – “Blue Nights CHK”. The play was successfully shown at European and American festivals, including the Fringe Festival in Edinburgh.

In the same theater, Irina met her future husband – the lead singer of group “Accident” Alexey Kortnev. They worked together in the music Studio Ivashchenko and Vasiliev.

In 1993 Irina Bogushevskaya was awarded the actor’s song contest named after Andrey Mironov. After 2 years on the stage of Student theater held a benefit Irene – the performance “waiting”, direction and music which made Alexey Kortnev. And at the end of the 1990s on the basis of the soundtrack of this performance was recorded and the debut album “origin of symmetry” “the Book of songs”. The most famous song Irina “farewell to arms” came up repeatedly in the top of the charts.

The singer has performed in musical pause of “What? Where? When?” since 1998, touring with a program of romances “Show for you one”. In 2000 she released her new album “Easy people” in new group “Bogushevich Band”.

On this day died:

1844 — Michael L. Magnitsky (b. 1778), poet, essayist, activist of national education.

1846 – Esaias, Tegnér, Swedish poet.

Born November 13, 1782 in Sourceroute (Sweden) in the family pastor. After graduating in 1802, University of Lund, he had held the same assistant Professor in aesthetics and, later, Professor of the Greek language. In 1818 Esaias, Tegnér became a member of the Swedish Academy. The last twenty years of his life he held the post of Bishop in Vexo.

His early poems written in the style of classicism. The publication of his youthful poems “Battle song of scone militia” (1808) and “Sweden” (1811) brought the poet universal recognition. These poems inspired by the events of the Russo-Swedish war.

In 1812, Tegnér joins a literary group of the Swedish romantics “Gothic Union.” In the same period, he participates in the publication of the journal “Iduna,” where many prints a poem on the theme of Norse mythology.

Higher manifestations of the poetic genius of Tegner considered an idyll in hexameters “First communion” (1820), a novel in verse “Axel” (1822) and the famous, based on an old Icelandic tale poem “the Saga about Frithjof” (1825). This poem was distinguished by the richness of poetic forms and means and was a kind of a Swedish national epic.

His “the Saga about Frithjof” was translated into all European languages, and only one translation in English was made more than twenty. In this Saga 24 songs, each written for its size, most accurately reflects the content.

1889 — Nikolai Uspensky (b. 1837), Russian writer.

1895 — Georges Dantes (Gekker), killer of Alexander Pushkin.

1950 — George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel prize for literature (1925).

Born July 26, 1856 in Dublin (Ireland). Since childhood read a lot and was fascinated by the books of Charles Dickens, William Shakespeare, D. Bunyan, the Bible, the Arabian tales “one Thousand and one nights”.

Show already in his youth decided to become a writer, but his manuscript did not initially find a publisher. The writer was engaged in self-education, visiting the reading room of the British Museum. Subsequently, the Show worked as a freelance correspondent, and musical critic.

Bernard Shaw wrote plays, reviews, performed as a street orator. In 1889 he released a collection of his plays “Plays pleasant and unpleasant”, which included “Candida,” “man of destiny”, “the house of the widower”, “Heartbreaker”… One of these pieces, “Profession Mrs. Warren” was staged in 1902, but was soon censored. Only in America R. Mansfield, “the devil’s Disciple” was a success with the public.

In 1899 Shaw wrote the play “Caesar and Cleopatra” and “the Appeal of captain Brassbound”. In 1904 the London theater “Court” took the statement several plays Show the “Wait and see”, “Other island John bull”, “Man and Superman”, “Major Barbara”, “Doctor’s dilemma”, which performances were a great success and brought George Bernard Shaw fame of a talented playwright.

During the First world war, Shaw finished the play “House of broken hearts” (1921). And in 1924 earned worldwide recognition drama “Saint John.”

In 1925, Shaw was awarded the Nobel prize for literature, but the writer refused to receive it. He traveled widely visited USA, USSR, South Africa, India, New Zealand. At the age of ninety-two he wrote his last play “Billions of Bianca” ( 1949).

Died Bernard Shaw in Eyot-Saint Lawrence, 2 November 1950.

1956 — Konstantin Nikolaevich Derzhavin, the Soviet literary critic, theater critic and translator.

1961 — James Grover Thurber (James Grover Thurber) American writer and humorist.

1964 — Elena Ilyina (real name Leah Y. Preuss), writer (“the Fourth height”).

Born 16(29) June 1901года in the city of Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh region now. Sister S. Marshak. Graduated from the Leningrad Institute of art history.

Published in 1925. The author of novels “Bear mountain” (1936), “the Fourth height” (feat Guli korolevoy, 1945), “This is my school” (1955), a documentary novel for children “Tireless traveller” (1964). Elena ilina owns a lot of stories, poems and tales for children of younger and middle-aged. Was engaged in the translation of foreign literature in the Russian language.

Buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

1972 — Alexander Alfredovich Beck, writer (“Volokolamsk highway”).

He was born 21 Dec 1902 in Saratov in the family of a military doctor. In Saratov passed his childhood and youth, and there he graduated from high school. At the age of 16 years, A. Beck joined the Red Army. During the Civil war he served on the Eastern front under the Urals and was wounded. A. Beck drew the attention of the chief editor of the newspaper division and ordered him some stories. This began his literary career.

The first novel by A. Beck “Kurako” (1934), written impressions of a trip to a house in the town of Kuznetsk.

Essays and reviews Beck began to appear in the “Komsomolskaya Pravda”, “Izvestia”. Since 1931, A. Beck collaborated in editions of the “History of factories and plants and People of the two five-year plans”, created on the initiative of M. Gorky, “Study a memoir”.

During the Great Patriotic war A. Beck joined the Moscow people’s militia, Krasnopresnenskaya infantry division. Participated in the fighting at Vyazma as a war correspondent. Reached Berlin, where he met the Victory Day. The most famous story of Bek’s “Volokolamsk highway” was written in 1943-1944. The sequel to this book was the story “a Few days” (1960), “the Provision of General Panfilov” (1960).

In 1956 A. Beck was a member of the editorial Board of the anthology “Literary Moscow”.

After the war he wrote a series of essays on Manchuria, Harbin, Port Arthur. A number of works devoted to the industry (a collection of “Output”, the story “New profile”, the novel “Young people” together with N. Loikaw). In 1968 was published “Postal prose.”

In the center of the novel “New appointment” (1965) — I. Tevosyan, who served under Stalin as Minister of metallurgical industry and the steel industry. In the novel sounded dissident views, but he was removed from the room after was announced for publication in the journal “New world”. A role in the prohibition of the novel was played by the widow Tevosyan, she decided that the novel “New appointment” opens the extra details about the private life of her late husband. The novel was first published in Germany in 1972, and the Soviet Union in 1986.

The novel “another day” (unfinished), first published in 1990, is dedicated to the youth of Stalin.

In his last years he lived in Moscow in the house 4 along the street Chernyakhovsk. He was buried in Moscow on Golovinsky a cemetery.

1986 — Harry brown (Harry Brown) (b. 1917), American screenwriter and novelist.

2002 – Charles Sheffield, American science fiction writer.

Born June 25, 1935 in the UK. He received his education at Cambridge, where he defended his thesis. And in 1960-ies he moved to the United States.

Sheffield academic career was extremely successful. Some time after moving to Sheffield he became President of the American society of astronauts and heads Corporation “Earth Satellite”, which produces satellites for photographing the Earth from space. In the period from 1984 to 1986 Sheffield was the President of the Association of American science fiction writers.

Fiction Charles Sheffield began publishing in the 1970-ies. He debuted with the story “What songs the sirens sang” and quickly gained a reputation as a rising star and the heir of Arthur C. Clarke.

Charles has worked in different genres of fiction. However, in all his works he consistently maintains a positive view of science as a way of solving any task. He believed that “without the scientific content of science fiction turns into fantasy.” Sheffield was quite a prolific author: he wrote on average more than one major work per year.

For the novel “Brother to dragons” Sheffield was awarded the John W. Campbell, and the story “Thoughts in Georgia” was nominated simultaneously for two awards – “Hugo” and “Nebula”.

Charles Sheffield died on 2 Nov 2002.

The events of the day:

1790 – Alexander Radishchev, in chains, courier takes to Siberia.

1831 in St.-Petersburg on Okhta Admiralty lay the frigate “Pallada”, went down in history thanks to the novel of I. A. Goncharov’s “the Frigate Pallada”.

1960 — in the UK in the acclaimed “lady Chatterley” trial by jury decides that the novel David Lawrence’s “lady Chatterley’s Lover” is not obscene.