Today, November 14, in the history of

In this day were born:

1812 — Aleardo, Aleardi (pictured), Italian poet.

Born to Veronica.

He studied first at Padua the law, but then, when his political unreliability could not find permanent occupations, devoted himself to the poetic and literary activities.

After the uprising of Venice in 1848 at him, among others, was entrusted by mininim drafting of the electoral law.

He was later sent together with Tommaseo in Paris as the representative of the provisional government of Venice, and from there went to Florence and Verona, where he was captured and taken to Mantua. In 1859, Aleardi was again arrested and imprisoned in Josefstadt fortress in Bohemia.

At the conclusion of peace he returned to Italy, settling in Milan, he was elected to the Parliament.

In 1864, appointed Professor of aesthetics at the Academy of fine arts, then a member of the Board of the Ministry of education and a Senator.

The works of the poet, imbued with a passion for state, social and political freedom of Italy, exposed him to persecution by the Austrian police.

Of aleardo, Aleardi died in Verona on 17 July 1878.

1823 — Mikhail Loginov, Russian writer, poet, diarist, bibliographer, literature historian, statesman.

1907 — Astrid Lindgren, Swedish children’s writer (“Peppi — long stocking”, “the Kid and Carlson”).

Born in southern Sweden, on a farm in a peasant family. The family had five children. The writer always called their childhood happy. There was a lot of games and adventures, interspersed with work on the farm and its surroundings.

What childhood memories will serve as further inspiration for creativity. Many jokes, tales, stories she heard from her father or from friends, then formed the basis of her works. A writer’s gift and passion for writing manifested itself in her, she needed only to learn to read and write.

After school, Astrid worked at the local newspaper, then moved to Stockholm. In 1926 she had a son Lars (married five years later), and in 1934 – daughter Karin. Lindgren is the surname of her husband.

The tale “Pippi Longstocking” Astrid Lindgren wrote the gift of a daughter in 1944. Owner lightning became popular, she was awarded several prizes, and publishers quickly explained to the author that life can make literature. Worldwide recognition for a long time could not reconcile the author with the Swedish state Commission on children and educational literature. From the point of view of official teachers tales Lindgren was not sufficiently instructive.

In 1957, Lindgren was the first children’s writer who received the prize of the Swedish state for literary achievement. On Astrid to have so many awards that to list them all is simply impossible.

Children’s writer was the first woman who in life was a monument – he is in the centre of Stockholm, and Astrid was present at the solemn ceremony of its opening.

She died on 28 January 2002 on 95-m to year of life in Stockholm.

1907 – William Steig, American artist, children’s writer.

The family had four sons, William the third. His father, a socialist and a man of strong moral rules, to a large extent influenced Steig, was a very enterprising man.

Steig artist my first drawing submitted in 1930 in the magazine “new Yorker”. All in all, the pages of this magazine was published for the time collaboration with famous artist more than 1,650 drawings, and 170 of them were on the cover.

Steig style is difficult to describe any one word, because he was continually changing, sometimes every week. The most famous series of drawings (someone said drawings Steig comics) is a series of “Kids”, which tells of the mischief and the fun inventive and quarrelsome boys and girls.

Much of the creativity Steig is intended for adults. In his works, the artist often depicts men and women shouting and quarreling with each other, spanking their children with suspicion and coldness, looking at each other, drowning in the flesh chairs. One of the drawings depicts a woman standing at the grave of her late husband, her mouth open, finger frozen in the air, she continues unfinished in his lifetime dispute.

Steig style is difficult to describe any one word, because he was continually changing, but always aspired to sincerity, keeping in mind a piece of children’s simple-minded.

He died on 6 October 2003, and his books and drawings continue to live and delight children and adults.

1923 — Leo E. Ustinov, the Russian playwright, author of plays, fairy tales for children.

1940 — Alexei Lvovich Khvostenko, Russian poet of the avant-garde artist, songwriter, painter.

He was born in Sverdlovsk.

The son of the translator of Leo V. Khvostenko (1915-1959).

From childhood he lived in Leningrad. He studied at the Leningrad Institute of theatre, music and cinematography.

In 1963 he created the literary group “VERP”. The motto “Warpy” taken from “Telescope Abbey” Rabelais: “Everyone does what they want”.

In 1965 he published in samizdat his first book “Podozritel”. Since 1966 part of the Commonwealth Chelnokov.

In 1968 Khvostenko moved to Moscow, becoming an active figure in the Moscow art underground. Creates a minimalist poem “I live in Izmailovo menagerie”. He paints, composes and clandestinely publishes poetry and songs. Khvostenko was the first performer of the song “City of gold” in the words of Henri volkonskogo and music by Vladimir Vavilov made then performed by Boris Grebenshikov in the film of S. Soloviev “AssA”. The authorities accuse the poet of parasitism and offer him or expulsion, or arrest. Khvostenko chooses first.

In 1977 Khvostenko emigrated to France, where together with Vladimir Karasinym begins to publish the magazine “Echo”. In 1989 removed together with the group “Mitki” in the film “the Mitki group in Paris.” Together with Vladimir Tolstoy, Konstantin and Igor Cedar Holonym involved in the avant-garde festival in Tarascon (Coll. “Transferencoding” Vivrism Paris, 1989). In 1991 in Moscow and in Paris he published a collection of “Black square” (Konstantin Kedrov, Genrikh Sapgir, Alexei Khvostenko, Thank Len; Foreword by K. Kedrov).

Since the mid-1990s, gives concerts and releases albums in Russia. In particular, he recorded several albums with the group “Auktyon”. Was familiar and friendly with many talented people, poets, artists, musicians and writers living in Paris, among them, such as Joseph Brodsky, Henri Volokhonsky, Vladimir Zagreb, Vladimir Alla, Vitaly Amurskiy, Jeanne Aster and others.

In April 2004 get a Russian passport and Russian citizenship. On the evening in the literary Museum of “20 years of Goose” officially takes the title of “Friend of DOOSE” — “Of what is being done now in poetry, the closest to me, DOOS”.

Alexei Khvostenko died 30 November 2004 in a Moscow hospital No. 61. He was buried in Moscow, on Perepechenko cemetery (plot 19, grave 7525).

The events of the day:

1851 — published novel by Herman Melville “Moby dick” whale killer.

1889 , journalist Nellie bly went around the world, competing with the hero of Jules Verne.

A brisk 22-year-old journalist Nellie bly (real name Elizabeth Cochrane, 1864-1922), a reporter for the new York newspaper “new York world”, aimed to beat the record of the hero of Jules Verne’s novel “Around the world in 80 days”.

Even to repeat such a fantastic for those times achieve seemed unheard of, but Nellie bly exceeded it, having traveled around the Earth in 72 days 6 hours 10 minutes 11 seconds. Using the most common means of communication and transport, she rushed along the route: new York- London – Paris – Brindisi – Suez – Ceylon – Singapore – Hong Kong – Yokohama – San Francisco – new York.

Sponsored such an unusual voyage newspaper, which the publisher Joseph Pulitzer brought to the American press the idea of the so-called “new, bold journalism”. Pulitzer saw in a seemingly inconspicuous journalist skills of a reporter praised her exuberant energy and tenacity.

A trip around the world, Nellie bly conceived, promised to be action-Packed, and it was made loud advertising.

The journalist was eager on the way to see personally by the writer and, equally important, to attract more attention to your March. The English-speaking world followed her journey, the newspaper asked: “Lee will Beat Nelly bly’s record of Phileas Fogg?”

When Jules Verne got the warning telegram with a short caption, “blye”, and he had no idea that a contender for breaking the record of Phileas Fogg would be a fragile girl. Whatever the irony at first, nor reacted to her heroism, the famous science fiction writer who believed, however, unlimited human potential, it is extremely captured the continuation of this marathon. Meanwhile, during the travel of the journalist the novel “Around the world in 80 days”, since the first output of which 17 years have been several times reprinted, and copies of the newspaper “new York world” has increased dramatically.

Finished it on January 25. The crew sent for Nelly to the station, brought the journalist to the newspaper “new York world”, where it was recorded duration of this voyage with an accuracy of seconds, and declared the result: a record of Phileas Fogg beaten!

It was the hour of Nellie bly. In her address and the address of the newspaper were flow congratulatory telegrams. And the most precious among them was this: “I do not doubt in the success of Nellie bly. It has proved its tenacity and courage. Cheers in her honor! Jules Verne”.

1978 — published the collection of Andrei Voznesensky’s “Temptation”.

2000 — University of Magdeburg, undertook to translate the dictionary of thieves ‘ jargon, compiled by doctor of Philology from Nizhny Novgorod Mikhail Grachev.