Today, November 1, in history

In this day were born:

1636 — Nicolas Boileau-Depree (pictured), French poet, critic, and theoretician of classicism.

Was born in Paris.

Received a thorough scientific education, he studied first jurisprudence and theology, but then solely indulge in fine literature. In this field he has previously gained notoriety for his “Satyrs” (1660). In 1677 Louis XIV appointed him court historian, along with Racine, maintaining its position to Boileau, despite the boldness of his Satyr.

The best satyrs of Boileau considered the eighth (“Sur l’homme”) and ninth (“A son esprit”). In addition, he wrote many Epistles, odes, epigrams, etc.

The most famous essay, Boileau — poem-treatise in four songs “Poetic art” (“L’art poétique”) represents the summing up of an aesthetics of classicism. Boileau is based on the belief that in poetry, as in other spheres of life, above all must be put bon sens, intelligence, which has to obey imagination and feeling. In form and content poetry should be widely understood, but the ease and accessibility should not go into vulgarity and vulgarity, style should be graceful, high, but, at the same time, simple and free from pretentiousness and bombastic expressions.

Died in Paris 13 March 1711

1704 — Paul Daniel Longolius, editor of the dictionary (d. 1779).

1902 – Nordahl Grieg, the Norwegian writer.

Born in Bergen in the family of a University teacher. He predicted a University career, but in his early years, he preferred wandering in continental Europe and very adventurous career as a journalist.

In 1920 he interrupted training at the University of Oslo, going a simple sailor on a cargo ship to Australia. The result of this adventure was released to them his first collection of poems “Around the Cape of Good Hope” in 1922, a novel about the situation of seamen in the merchant marine “Ship goes on”, published in 1924.

His best novel “the World must still be young”, released in 1939, was created under the impression of the Moscow trials and the involvement in the Civil war in Spain.

In 1940 Grieg fought against the German occupiers, entered the Norwegian government in London, wrote a wonderful cycle of poems, feeding the spirit of Resistance.

The writer died 3 Dec 1943, carrying out a journalistic assignment, shot down over Berlin English bomber.

1911 — Henri troyat, French writer of Russian—Armenian origin, real name Lev Aslanovich Tarasov.

born in Moscow, in the house on the corner of Gorokhovaya and the Bear lanes, in a rich Armenian merchant family of Aslan and Lydia’. In adulthood troyat considered himself a Russian Armenian. Troyat was the youngest of three children: sister Olga was older than him by nine years, brother Alexander for four years.

After the Bolshevik revolution the family’, fleeing the revolution, fled to Kislovodsk, in the family estate “Kars”, and then from Novorossiysk went to Constantinople but to disembark in the port city only allowed the refugee Armenians, and they had Russian passports.

From Turkey Tarasovs-Torosani and went to France settling in Paris, where Henri at the age of eight he entered a French school, after graduating from which he received a law degree.

After returning from the army in 1935, he went to serve in the budgetary Department of the police Prefecture of the Seine (troyat had to take French citizenship) to earn a living, and at the same time wrote at night. First novel, “Deceptive light” was published in the same 1935. The publisher of the novel said troyat, “not in his best interest to release the book under a foreign name: read on the cover of “Lev Tarasov”, the reader will take it for conversion,” and urged a pseudonym.

In 1938 for his novel “Spider” Henri troyat was awarded the Prix Goncourt. During his life Henri Troia wrote about 100 volumes of literary works.

In 1945, after receiving a letter from the grandson of Baron Gekkern-Dantes, the writer has studied the archives of the Baron and reworked the biography of A. S. Pushkin. In the archives he discovered unknown letters, which tells about the poet’s death, which occurred February 11, 1837 in St. Petersburg. These letters he used when writing books about Pushkin.

In may 1959 he was elected member of the French Academy.

Died March 2, 2007 in Paris.

1930 – Dmitri A. Sukharev, poet, writer.

Was born in Tashkent. Grew up, studied and lives in Moscow.

Verse published in the Central press, 1957. In 60-ies was one of the regular contributors to the magazines “New world” and “Youth”. The first book of poems, “Seedlings” have entered the collective collection of four young poets “Dormitory” (1961). For the first compilation “Tribute” (1963) was followed by several others. Post-Soviet book publishing — “the Hills” (poems, 2001, Jerusalem) and “All his. The wreath of sonnets” (prose, 2005, St. Petersburg).

The verses D. Sukharev many songs written by Sergei Nikitin (with whom created a few musical performances) and Viktor Berkovsky. There are individual songs from a number of composers and bards (Yuri Garin, Aleksandr Dulov, Vadim Mishchuk, Raisa Nur, Sergey Trukhanov, Gene Shangin-Berezovsky and others). The result of a collaboration with Gennady Gladkov became the musical “On the busiest place” in the Comedy A. N. Ostrovsky.

The head of the poetry and the bard workshops, jury member of festivals and competitions, the author of many articles and essays on the author’s song. The compiler and commentator of the book “the art song. Anthology” (Yekaterinburg, 2002, 2003).

Winner of the State prize of the Russian Federation in literature the name of Bulat Okudzhava (2001); Prize of “Novaya Gazeta” in the name of Andrey Sinyavsky “For the nobility and creative behaviour in the literature” (2000); Award of the Union of writers of Moscow “Wreath” (2004).

1942 — Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher.

1958 – Maria V. Semenova, the Russian writer, poet, translator. Is one of the founders of the genre “Slavic fantasy”, although most of her work — historical novels.

Was born in Leningrad in an academic family, his father – doctor of technical Sciences. My entire adult life had a craving for writing and constantly writing something, in the family it was treated as a serious hobby and did not approve. When Mary was studying in the eighth grade, she came across a popular science book about the Norman conquest of 1066. The book has made the future writer a great impression and so began the fascination with Mary’s story, first the Vikings and then the Ancient Rus.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of aviation instrument engineering (liap) in 1982, Maria Semenova took a job with a degree in the Institute, her stories began to be published in periodicals. In 1992, Maria left the Institute and began working in the publishing house “Severo-the West” literary translator. She had to translate many Western fantasy, while her own historical novels to print is not wanted due to lack of demand.It was then that the writer decided to combine a popular genre with his knowledge and interest in Slavic culture and history. The result was printed in 1995 year, the “Wolfhound”.

At the moment the creative legacy of Maria Semenova in addition to fantasy and historical novels that also includes detectives, realistic prose and poetry. The writer leaves and the translation industry, although it is accessed infrequently.

1960 — Mikhail Nikolaevich Svirin, a Russian military historian and writer.

1962 — Magne Magne, the keyboardist of a-ha, Norwegian composer, poet, painter, sculptor.

On this day died:

1873 — Emile Gaboriau, French writer one of the founders of the detective genre.

Born on 9 Nov 1832 in Saujon, in the family of a civil servant. He graduated from high school in Saumur, served in the army and then on the advice of his father into law. At the same time, Gaborik tries hand at literature.

Arriving in Paris in 1856, Emil began working as a reporter in the journal La Vérité. The first book of Emile, Gaboriau came in 1860 and was called “the Famous ballerina”, in which he described the life of the Parisian Bohemia. The book was not a success with readers, but Gaborik was not discouraged and moved on to another genre.

At this time, Saborio works as a Secretary in the Field of February, a famous author of crime stories. He and adventure books Edgar Allan PoE, Alexander Dumas, Emile had the influence and the writer chooses the path of a detective novel.

In 1866 he published his first book, Gaboriau in this genre – “the Case of the widow Lerouge”. The prototype of the hero of the novel police Lecoq was a real person – Francois Vidocq. Then was followed by other “Crime of Orcival,” “Case number 113”, “Golden gang”, which brought him popularity in the 19th century.

Gaborik, also did much to popularize the detective Comedy. The original master detectives Stevenson, Conan Doyle in his works imitated Gaborik. Pupils have outgrown their teacher, and soon the hero of Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes pushed back the Lecoq by the wayside.

1955 – Dale Carnegie, psychologist, writer.

Born November 24, 1888 on a farm Maryville in Missouri. His family had straitened material circumstances, but Dale received a good primary education. Later he studied at the teachers College Warrensburg.

While studying during his Junior year Dale begins to engage in the discussion circle, found the Carnegie talent for public speaking, during the year he won top awards at all competitions of the College.

After College, Dale worked for the firm “Armer and company’s” agent for the sale of bacon, bacon and soap. Then he moved to new York where he tried his hand at acting craft. In 1911, Carnegie became a teacher of oratory craft.

Next autumn begins to lecture the group belonging to the “Christian Association of young people.” During this period, Carnegie develops its own system of communication skills training. Teaching combines with doing a column in a newspaper devoted to readers ‘ questions about effective communication and is the radio program “little known facts from the life of famous people”.

Subsequently Carnegie creates the “Institute of effective public speaking and human relations”, which has branches in many cities of the world.

Carnegie – the author of the famous books: “public speaking and influencing business partners”, “little-known facts from the life of famous people”, “How to win friends and influence people”, “How to stop worrying and start living”, “How to develop self confidence and influence people”.

Carnegie died of Hodgkin’s disease November 1, 1955 67 year of his life at his home in forest hills (new York).

1974 — Gennady Shpalikov, poet, screenwriter, film Director.

Born into a family of a military engineer Theodore G. Shpalikov.

In July 1955 he graduated from the Kiev Suvorov military school, where he was sent in 1947 by the Leningrad military district. There, in the Suvorov military school, began writing poetry and short stories. June 26, 1955 in the newspaper “Stalin’s tribe” printed “Two poems”, November 1, in the same newspaper published a selection of poems called “Lyrical poetry.” But the first collection of poems was opublikovan only after the poet’s death.

From 1956 to 1961, he studied at VGIK in a story Department. The first major scenario work Shpalikov, shot by Marlen Khutsiev film “Zastava Ilyich”. The film was heavily censored, were removed a number of scenes. During the analysis of the film has come at the daughter’s birthday, Shpalikov was strongly criticized what happened with the film.

The first marriage of the writer Natalya Ryazantseva (1959), second to actress Inna Gulaya (1962).

Hanged himself in the house of creativity in Peredelkino. He was buried in Moscow on Vagankovsky cemetery.

2006 – William Styron, American writer.

Born June 11, 1925. After graduating from Davidson College in Durham, at the end of the Second world war, William goes to serve in the army. After the war, Straiton studies at Duke University, where in 1947 received the degree of bachelor of arts in English.

After graduation, Styron took a job at a publishing house McGraw-Hill. His first novel, “Lie down in darkness” was published in 1951. The work has received positive reviews from literary critics. After the publication of the novel, Straiton moved to Europe. Here in 1953, he became one of the founders of the magazine Paris Review.

In 1967 published novel “the confessions of NAT Turner”. This novel Straiton that caused heated debates won him the Pulitzer. The protagonist of the novel – a Baptist preacher NAT Turner, who led an uprising of the American black slaves – is depicted as a religious fanatic, who was haunted by fantasies about the sexual abuse of a beautiful 18-year-old white girl, Margaret. In the USSR the novel for a long time was not published, “Literary newspaper” published a review of Marxist Herbert Aptheker, accused the author of distorting the “image of a folk hero”.

The next major a novel by Styron “Sophie’s Choice” has also been controversial. It Straiton tells of a Polish woman who survived the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. In 1983 the novel was adapted for the big screen, actress Meryl Streep received an Oscar for the role of Sophie.

Styron died November 1, 2006 at the age of 81 from pneumonia.

The events of the day:

1604 is a tragedy by William Shakespeare “Othello” was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.

1611 — a romantic Comedy by William Shakespeare “the Tempest” was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.