Today, December 2 in history

In this day were born:

1937 – Brian Lumley (pictured), an English writer, specializing in genre fiction horror.

Born in County Durham in the North East of England, served in British army until 1980, wrote in his spare time, and then became a professional writer.

He completed the cycle “Myths of Cthulhu” HP Lovecraft (Lumley was born exactly 9 months after the death of Lovecraft) few of his own works. The most famous of them were the stories featuring Titus crow. Later works include the series of novels “Necroscope”, which later continued as the “vampire world Trilogy”, two novels of the series “the Lost years” and the trilogy “E-Branch”. The main character early “Necroscope” also appears in the anthology “Harry Keefe and other amazing heroes.” Saga “Necroscope” ended the novel “the Touch.”

Prize writer:

1988 – the British Fantasy Award, short Story (Short Fiction) for “Fruiting Bodies”

2009 – Bram Stoker Awards, for “services to the genre” (Life Achievement)

On this day died:

1814 — Marquis de Sade (Donatienne Alphonse françois de Sade) (pictured), French writer, founder of sadism.

Born June 2, 1740 in the castle of condé in Paris. To four years the boy was brought up in Paris along with minor Prince Louis-Joseph de Bourbon. In 1745, de Sade was sent to live with his uncle, Abbe de Sade. It happened after the young Donatienne beat the Prince.

In 1750, de Sade, along with his teacher, Jacques Abla, returned to Paris to continue studying at the Jesuit case. In 1754 Donatienne decides to make a military career and entered the cavalry school. Around this time in Europe sparked the Seven years ‘ war, in which the Marquis de Sade took an active part. For merits in the battle he received the rank of cornet of the carabineers. In 1763, de Sade resigned with the rank of captain of cavalry.

On his return to Paris Donatienne began to lead an active social life. January 5, 1772 the Marquis de Sade invited friends the nobles for the premiere of Comedy of his own composition, which he put down on their own in the family estate Lacoste.

27 June of the same year was initiated the so-called “Marseilles affair”. July 4, a French court passed a decree for the arrest of de Sade and his page. The Marquis de Sade, fearing a court case, and fled in an unknown direction.

On 3 September the decision was made by the Royal Prosecutor of Marseilles: “the Marquis de Sade and his servant Latour, summoned to court on charges of poisoning and sodomy in court and was charged in absentia. They are sentenced to public penance on the porch of the Cathedral, then they must transmit to St. Louis to cut off de Sade’s head on the scaffold, and the aforementioned Latour to hang on the gallows. The body of de Sade and Latour shall be burned and the ashes scattered in the wind.”

11 September of the same year the Provencal Parliament decided to enforce the court’s decision of 3 September. The next day at one of Central squares of AIX burned effigies of de Sade and his Valet.

An execution never took place. Future life de Sade was a string of arrests, escapes, violent novels. He fell into the whirlwind of revolutionary events, has repeatedly been sentenced to death. In prison he composed most of his works.

De Sade died at Charenton 2 Dec 1814.

1918 — Edmond Rostand, French poet, playwright.

Born April 1, 1868 in Marseille. The childhood of Edmond held in the hospitable home of the parents, where often gathered representatives of the local intelligentsia. Was always heated debates about the literature of Provence.

After his family moved to Paris, Edmond was sent to study at the College of St. Stanislaus. He’s studying to be a lawyer, but the career of Edmond not very interested. Already in College Edmond Rostand, was fond of the plays of Victor Hugo and Alfred de Musset. Under the influence of a new passion, he decided to become a playwright.

At the end of College remains Rostang in Paris. The welfare of the family allows him to lead a life of secular dandy, attend literary salons and art exhibitions. Rostan fully devoted himself to literature.

The first real success came to Edmond Rostand in 1894, when the stage of the Paris theater Comedie Francaise staged his Comedy “the Romantics.” More fame and money brought Edmond a production of the play “Cyrano de Bergerac” in December 1897.

Rostand has breathed new life into almost extinct by the time of form – poetic drama and romantic tragedy. In the end, he became a fashion celebrity. He settled in a luxurious mansion in Central Paris, organized house concerts and Grand receptions, collected art, traveled, built a Villa in the Pyrenees.

Died Edmond Rostand 2 Dec 1918 from the Spanish flu (pandemic influenza).

1929 — Gasanlage Garadagh Khan (b. 1848), the Azeri teacher, poet, historian, translator.

1980 — Romain Gary (real name – Roman Katsev), French writer, screenwriter and Director.

Born may 8, 1914 in the city of Vilna. There was a legend that his real father is Ivan Mozzhukhin, the star of Russian silent cinema. In 1928 the mother and son moved to France in nice. Roman studied law in AIX-EN-Provence and Paris. In addition, he trained in flight training, preparing to become a military pilot.

During the Second world war, the Novel had to emigrate to Britain, where he joined the French army formed by Charles de Gaulle. Fought as a pilot in Europe and Africa. After the war he returned to France and entered the diplomatic service.

In 1945 he published the first novel by Romain Gary. He soon became one of the most popular and prolific writers of France.

History Gary’s mother is described in his autobiographical novel “Promise at dawn”. Gary’s mother dreamt: “My son will be the French envoy, a knight of the Legion of honor, the great actor of the drama, Ibsen, Gabriele D’annunzio. He will dress in London!”

All of these dreams-come true Testaments – Gary became Consul General of France, Chevalier of the Legion of honor. He moved in high society, was an elegant dandy and a literary celebrity. In 1956 for his novel “Roots of heaven”, he received the Prix Goncourt.

In a cruel twist of fate it was the day of awarding Romain Gary received a letter from the witness about how his father died A. Katsev (at the entrance to the crematorium in Auschwitz).

Gary was the only writer who received the Goncourt prize twice – in 1956 under the name of Romain Gary in 1975 under the name Emile ajar (for the novel “All life ahead”).

Romain Gary shot himself on 2 December 1980, writing in the suicide note: “you Can explain all nervous depression. But in this case it should be borne in mind that it lasts as long as I became an adult, and that she helped me to do the literary craft.”

1985 — Philip Arthur Larkin, the British poet.

Born on 9 Aug 1922. All my life I worked as a University librarian.

In 1984, Larkin was offered the honorary title of Poet laureate, which he rejected. For his literary merit was awarded the Order of the Knights of Glory and the order of the British Empire. Considered one of the best English poets of the second half of the twentieth century.

Philip Larkin played a crucial role in the literary career of the British writer Barbara Pym, published in the Literary Supplement Times article on her, calling “the most underrated author of the century”.