Spelling –N– and –NN– aroused graduates on the exam-2018 most of the difficulties

Spelling -N – and -NN – in the different parts of speech, mistakes in placing commas, poor comprehension and the inability to work with drafts – as the most common problems among the participants of the exam the 2018 in the Russian language, noted the experts of the Federal Institute of pedagogical measurements (FIPI) in the analysis of the results.

This time, we suggest to familiarize with the methodological recommendations of the Federal Commission developers KIM for MIN one of the compulsory subjects.

Unified state exam in the Russian language the year recognizes the most popular. All assignments and examination work aimed at solving practical problems and require the examination candidate a certain vocabulary and understanding grammatical structure of Russian language.

Statistics of performance of the work as a whole and individual jobs talking about the stability of the results of the exam in 2018 compared with previous years.

Overall successfully completed tasks of a basic level. However, most complications cause the task whose solution requires the involvement of theory: for example, spelling -N – and -NN – in the different parts of speech. Wrong definition of parts of speech leads to an error in the usage rules, and wrong spelling of the word. To perform tasks on spelling, you have to analyze what part of speech are these words, which grammatical and lexical meaning they have to determine the structure of the word. Assignments in punctuation require a syntactic analysis of the sentence, understanding semantic relations between parts of a complex sentence, and between the individual members of the sentence. Special attention in the study of the Russian language course should be given to develop analytical skills.

A detailed analysis of detailed answers of the examinee (essay read in the text) apparent problems with the understanding of the text, and identifying issues and positions of the author. The greatest difficulties in understanding the text arise from the students when conducting the semantic analysis of literary and journalistic texts, where main idea, the author’s position is often expressed implicitly. It is difficult to realize the examinee texts where irony, sarcasm.

The exam showed that particular importance is the ability of students to analyze and edit their own written work. So, more than 20% of examinees do not work on the exam with a draft that speaks of the inability to edit your own texts and affects the quality of the essay-reasoning.

As expressing opinions graduates are often attracted to examples of the works that have studied the program in 11th grade. The lowest percentage of selection of examples of arguments from the works of modern Russian literature, this choice does not exceed 1% of the total number in all the analyzed works. In this sense, the teacher of Russian language and literature remains the task of organizing systematic reading of students, promote the value of family reading. Particular attention should be paid to the fact that the solution to the problem of reading, the formation of a worldview and finding personal meaning is possible only efforts of all subject teachers.